2024: Crisis Management Days Book of Abstracts
Security and Protection (National and International Security, Corporate and Information Security, Disaster Risk Reduction)

National need for a counter-intelligence strategy

Tatjana Gerginova
Faculty of Security-Skopje, University “Sv. Kliment Ohridski”-Bitola, North Macedonia

Published 2024-05-20

Keywords

  • subversive activity,
  • counterintelligence,
  • Counterintelligence Service,
  • strategic objectives

Abstract

The Counterintelligence Service is a specialized organization that detects or disables the action of foreign intelligence services and organizes the protection of its own secrets and disinformation of the enemy. Within the framework of the paper, the author analyzes the term "Subversive activities" and the term Counterintelligence.
Basically, counterintelligence is aimed at: undertaking activities in order to ensure the protection of the security of the state and the protection of the constitutional legal order, the protection of human rights and basic freedoms; undertaking activities in order to identify, disable and eliminate them the intelligence actions of foreign intelligence services or organizations or individuals involved in espionage, sabotage, subversion or terrorism.
Subversive activities are a form of unconventional action of the intelligence services and imply a direct threat to the security and constitutional arrangement of the state-object of attack. They are directed towards the realization of strategic political goals of the state in whose name and at whose expense the intelligence services work and act.
Subversion (lat. Subversion – coup, destruction, demolition) in the most general sense, denotes complex forms of institutional violence characterized by indirect and direct use of all forms of force and can be public or secret. Subversive activities at the broadest, international level are related to the actions of states from a position of power and the use of force against other international entities – in order to subjugate them for their own interests. Therefore, subversive activities represents specific forms of manifestation of force in international relations. Characteristic forms of Subversive activities are: espionage; the diversion; sabotage; causing and igniting social crises; terrorism; creation of illegal associations; the throwing in of armed groups, etc.
Furthermore, the author analyzes the American Counterintelligence strategy. The strategy establishes five strategic objectives that cover the most critical areas where the activities of foreign intelligence services are directed towards the United States of America: Critical Infrastructure; Key U.S. Supply Chains; the U.S. Economy; American Democracy; and Cyber and Technical Operations. These are strategic areas where a foreign threat could cause serious harm to US national and economic security. In the final part of the paper, the author concludes: Each nation state should adopt a Counterintelligence Strategy. The strategy should provide a basis for effectively integrating counterintelligence practices through partnerships, information sharing and innovation. As a strategic goal, the strategy should establish a commitment to strengthening counter-intelligence and security capabilities and securing each national country from threats from foreign intelligence services.
The United States faces complex, diverse threats from foreign intelligence entities (nation states, organizations and individuals) that conduct intelligence activities to obtain U.S. information, block or impair U.S. intelligence collection, influence U.S. policy or disrupt U.S. systems and programs. They use innovative combinations of traditional espionage, economic espionage and supply chain and cyber operations to gain access to critical infrastructure and steal sensitive information, research, technology and industrial secrets.
These actors conduct malicious influence campaigns using cyber operations, media manipulation, covert operations and political subversion to sow divisions in society and undermine trust in national democratic institutions. Threats from foreign actors have become more dangerous because with ready access to advanced technology, they threaten a wider range of targets with lower risk.
In the final part of the paper, the author concludes: Each nation state should adopt a Counterintelligence Strategy. The strategy should provide a basis for effectively integrating counterintelligence practices through partnerships, information sharing and innovation.
As a strategic goal, the strategy should establish a commitment to strengthening counter-intelligence and security capabilities and securing each national country from threats from foreign intelligence services.
The content will be created based on the analysis of foreign literature and using electronic content. In preparing the content of the paper, the author will apply the general scientific methods: the descriptive method, the normative method, the comparative method and the content analysis method as a special scientific method.