GDPR –Impact of General Data Protection Regulation on Digital Marketing
- General Data Protection Regulation,
- personal data,
- digital marketing,
- consumer protection
Copyright (c) 2018 Annals of Disaster Risk Sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Due to the rapid development of technology, in the last ten years digital marketing has given rise to sophisticated automated models for successfully affecting the behaviour of consumers whose fundamental rights, such as the right to privacy and the right to the protection of personal data, have often been violated because of the discrepancy between the regulations and the actual use of personal data.
The possibility of targeting has been brought to an enviable level – a precise targeting of an identified individual and his or her personal data, as well as their complete demographic, sociographic and psychographic profile – thus opening the doors to the possibility of making precise predictive analyses and the placement of behavioural strategies by combining various digital channels in creating communication messages of inducement to purchase and continuous monitoring of the individual and their habits.
Information security, on the other side, is a term which all parties in the marketing world involved in the provision of technological services directed towards automated use for marketing purposes, i.e. third-party-side tools with the goal of collecting data, shy away from.
The goal of the General Data Protection Regulation is the protection of personal data, primarily the right to privacy in the digital age and the Regulation will strongly influence the current modalities of using digital marketing.
This study was carried out by the authors on 233 small and medium entrepreneurs in the Republic of Croatia on the use of marketing modalities and tools to collect data about targeted individuals. It has shown that through digital marketing, the companies collect not only the information about their consumers’ preferences, but their a priori goal is the concrete identification of an individual for the purpose of reducing the costs of marketing activities, directing customized communication to a targeted individual and creating a quick return on a marketing investment by raising sales – at the same time without any special sensitivity regarding the protection of the individual’s rights and their personal data.
The goal of the paper is the identification of the most frequent methods and tactics of digital marketing and their non-compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation which comes into force at the end of May this year.
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